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Optimisation and validation of a quantitative and confirmatory LC-MS method for multi-residue analyses of β-lactam and tetracycline antibiotics in bovine muscle

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A multi-residue method for the determination of the β-lactam antibiotics ampicillin, cefazolin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, oxacillin, penicillin G, penicillin V and the tetracyclines chlotetracycline, tetracycline and oxytetracycline was optimised and validated in bovine muscle. The method is based on the extraction of the residues from muscle using water/acetonitrile (2/8, v/v) with subsequent use of dispersive solid-phase C18 and hexane for purification. Extracts were analysed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC-MS/MS) coupled with the mass spectrometer in positive electrospray ionisation mode (ESI+) for all analytes. The method was validated according to the requirements of European Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The validation results were obtained within the MRL range of 0–1.5 of the MRL, with recoveries varying from 90% to 110% and CV < 20% (n = 54), except for cloxacillin, dicloxacillin and nafcillin. However, matrix interference was observed. The decision limit (CCα) ranged from 10% to 15% of the MRL. The uncertainty measurement was estimated based on both bottom-up and top-down strategies and the uncertainty values were found to be lower than 20% of the MRL. The method has a simple extraction procedure whereby analytes are separated with reasonable resolutions in a single 11-min chromatographic run. According to the validation results, this method is suitable for monitoring β-lactams and tetracyclines according to National Program for Residue and Contaminant Control – Brazil (NPRC-Brazil) in bovine muscle.
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Keywords: animal products – meat; chromatography – LC/MS; veterinary drug residues – antibiotics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, MAPA, National Agricultural Laboratory, LANAGRO/MG, Brazil 2: Bolsista CNPq, National Agricultural Laboratory, LANAGRO/MG, Brazil 3: Veterinary School of Federal University of Minas Gerais – UFMG, Belo Horizonte/MG, 31270-901, Brazil

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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