Correction of seismic time-lapse data with different geometries
In the interpretation of time-lapse seismic data, we first assume that basal and monitor seismic data have been gathered and processed under equal condition. Basically having two sets of seismic data (basal and monitor data) does not confirm the possibility of 4D seismic data analysis and repeatability term commands that data should have equal data gathering and process condition. This is due to the low vertical resolution of seismic data which makes the changes in amplitude of seismic in basal and monitoring operations to occur finitely. Therefore, differences in amplitudes in two seismic surveys that have a source other than variations in reserval fluid saturation cause errors in 4D interpretations. In this paper, we represent a procedure to unify different geometries and also study post-stack processing methods for seismic time-lapse data and execute them on existing data at the studied field. In the, first step geometrical conception of basal and monitoring data should be equalized. This section has been implemented using a new methodology, developed in this paper and is called “similarity table”. Then, data will be analyzed with spectra point of view and by executing shaping filters and by using cross equalization approach, basal and monitor seismic information will be closer as far as possible. Finally, analyzes were performed to validate the obtained results and evaluate the quality of time -lapse seismic analyzes.
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