Tribological behavior of diesel/biodiesel blend from waste cooking oil and ethanol
One kind of novel biodiesel waste cooking oil ethyl ester (WCOEE) was prepared via transesterfication reaction between waste cooking oil and ethanol. The tribological behavior of diesel/WCOEE blend was evaluated with a four-ball tribometer. The wear resistance, extreme pressure, and friction reduction of the blend were improved with increasing WCOEE. The optimal content of WCOEE in the blend was 20 vol%. It was also found that free fatty acids (FFAs) had a positive effect on the wear resistance of blend. The lubrication improvement of the blend was ascribed to the formation of polyester film and high polarity of fatty acid ethyl ester.
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