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The Influence of Diesel Fuel-biodiesel-ethanol-butanol Blends on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine

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In this study, performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fueled with Fuel A (60% diesel–30% biodiesel–5% ethanol–5% butanol) and Fuel B (40% diesel–50% biodiesel–5% ethanol–5% butanol) were investigated. The biodiesel produced from trap grease was obtained with an oil separator. Fuel A and Fuel B were tested in a single cylinder, four-stroke diesel engine at full load conditions. Compared with diesel fuel, the performance characteristics of blend fuels slightly deteriorated while the emission characteristics improved significantly. CO and HC emissions decreased by 87.01 and 87.50%, respectively.
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Keywords: biodiesel; biomass; butanol; ethanol; exhaust emissions

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Tarsus Technical Education Faculty, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey 2: Adana Vocational High School, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey

Publication date: October 2, 2013

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