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An Alternative Route for the Preparation of Sulfated Zirconia Loaded on Alumina (SZA) for Biodiesel Production: An Optimization Study

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This study reported a simplified method to prepare sulfated zirconia loaded on alumina catalyst for transesterification of Jatropha Curcas L. oil with methanol to biodiesel or fatty acid methyl esters. The catalyst was found to have high catalytic activity. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis showed that the catalyst has the basic characteristic of an acidic catalyst. The catalyst preparation conditions were optimized using design of experiment, specifically response surface methodology and an optimum fatty acid methyl ester yield (91.0 wt%) was obtained using a catalyst prepared with calcination temperature and duration at 329°C and 4.7 h, respectively.
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Keywords: Jatropha Curcas L. oil; acidic catalyst; biodiesel

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Seri Ampangan, Nibong Tebal, Malaysia 2: Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Publication date: July 18, 2013

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