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Robustness of the EWMA and the combined X-EWMA control charts with variable sampling intervals to non-normality

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The exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) control charts with variable sampling intervals (VSIs) have been shown to be substantially quicker than the fixed sampling intervals (FSI) EWMA control charts in detecting process mean shifts. The usual assumption for designing a control chart is that the data or measurements are normally distributed. However, this assumption may not be true for some processes. In the present paper, the performances of the EWMA and combined X-EWMA control charts with VSIs are evaluated under non-normality. It is shown that adding the VSI feature to the EWMA control charts results in very substantial decreases in the expected time to detect shifts in process mean under both normality and non-normality. However, the combined X-EWMA chart has its false alarm rate and its detection ability is affected if the process data are not normally distributed.
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Keywords: EWMA; control chart; non-normality; quality control; variable sampling intervals

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Accounting Information, National Taichung Institute of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China 2: Department of Finance, National Taichung Institute of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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