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Public health assessment of dioxin-contaminated fish at former US airbase, Bien Hoa, Vietnam

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Ponds at the former US airbase at Ben Hoa, Vietnam are contaminated with Agent Orange. The ponds had been used for aquaculture, and in all likelihood, fish from those ponds have been sold to the public. We assessed human exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) in fish samples from the ponds. For on-base tilapia, muscle concentrations 2,3,7,8-TCDD ranged from 1.4 to 32.7 pg/g. Fat concentrations ranged from 73.3 to 3990 pg/g. Estimated human exposure doses exceed international guidelines and exceed 2,3,7,8-TCDD’s lowest adverse effect levels. The Bien Hoa fishponds are a completed human pathway for TCDD exposure.
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Keywords: 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin contamination; Agent Orange; dioxin contamination; fish; international issues; risk assessment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Community Health Investigations, Atlanta, GA, USA 2: Hatfield Consultants Partnership, North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 3: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, DTHHS, Atlanta, GA, USA 4: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, National Center for Environmental Health, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication date: May 4, 2015

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