Atopic march, food allergy and food hypersensitivity in children and adolescents suffering from atopic dermatitis
Increases in allergic diseases have been well documented worldwide. Approximately one-third of children with severe atopic dermatitis (AD) were reported to suffer from IgE-mediated food allergy as well. Data sources concerning the food allergy, AD, and atopic march were accessed from Pubmed/MEDLINE. This review provides a summary of findings concerning the food allergy, food hypersensitivity reactions, and atopic march in children and adolescents. Food allergy that developed at a young age increased the risk for AD, asthma bronchiale, and allergic rhinitis; new research identifies the skin barrier as not only an important initiator of AD but it may even be a site for allergic sensitization to protein antigens. Early childhood is thought to be a key period for the prevention of allergic march and adolescence is another key period for the prevention of recurrence. The prevention of recurrence would decrease allergic disease in adulthood.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Publication date: July 4, 2015