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Evaluation of allergy to soy in patients with atopic dermatitis older than 14 years of age

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Atopic dermatitis is associated with food allergies. The aim of this study is to evaluate soy allergy in patients suffering from atopic dermatitis. Altogether 228 persons were included; specific IgE, skin prick tests, atopy patch tests, challenge tests with soy and history of soy allergy were evaluated. Soy allergy was confirmed in eight patients (3.5%, in four patients with worsening of atopic dermatitis, in four patients with oral allergy syndrome), sensitisation to soy was found in another 47 patients (20%) with no clinical manifestation after soy ingestion. Dependence was confirmed statistically between soy allergy and pollen allergy and soy sensitivity and pollen allergy. About 20% of patients suffering from atopic dermatitis are sensitised to soy. Clinical symptoms of soy allergy occur only in 3.5% of patients suffering from atopic dermatitis.
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Keywords: atopic dermatitis; pollen allergy; skin prick tests; soy allergy; specific IgE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec, Králové, Czech Republic 2: Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Outpatient Clinic, Hradec, Králové, Czech Republic 3: Department of Medical Biophysics, Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec, Králové, Czech Republic

Publication date: January 2, 2015

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