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Effects of the Fusarium toxin zearalenone (ZEA) and/or deoxynivalenol (DON) on the serum IgA, IgG and IgM levels in mice

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Fusarium toxin zearalenone (ZEA) and/or deoxynivalenol (DON) on the serum IgA, IgG and IgM levels in mice. In our study, 360 healthy adult female mice were randomly assigned to nine groups for a 12-day study. Mice of all groups were given a 4-day continuous intraperitoneal injection with different concentrations of ZEA alone, DON alone and the mixture of ZEA and DON, individually. Blood samples were collected on days 0, 3, 5, 8 and 12 of the experiment. The experiment results showed that all the experimental groups could cause the dysregulation of the immunoglobulin, thus affecting the humoral immune of mice. The mixture groups, especially in the group with higher concentrations of ZEA and DON (Group D2Z2), showed more obvious effect on the dysregulation of the immunoglobulin.
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Keywords: deoxynivalenol; immunoglobulin; synergistic effect; zearalenone

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an, 625014, China 2: School of Life Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang, Sichuan, 621010, China

Publication date: October 2, 2014

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