Cadmium is classified as a probable human carcinogen. A monoclonal antibody (mAb) against Cd2+-ethylene-diamine-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid (EDTA) complex was generated by immunising mice with the conjugate of Cd2+-EDTA-aminobenzyl-ovalbumin. An indirect
competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA) was developed and applied for the analysis of Cd2+ in water, soil and rape samples. The half-maximum inhibition concentration and detection range were 2.59 ng/ml and 0.20–40 ng/ml, respectively. The assay cross-reactivities
with non-target metal-EDTA complexes were all below 1%, except Mn2+ (2.9%) and Hg2+ (1.6%). The average recoveries of Cd2+ in tap water, Jingmi Canal, Xiaoqing River (at concentrations of 2–20 ng/ml), soil (0.25–10 ug/g) and rape (0.1–1.2
ug/g) samples were 103.0%, 101.0%, 103.0%, 82.4% and 93.7%, respectively. Concentrations of Cd2+ measured by this immunoassay agreed well with those determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GFAAS) (k=1.1225, r
icELISA was a quick, reliable and sensitive method to detect Cd2+ in environmental and vegetable samples.
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graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy;
Document Type: Research Article
College of Agronomy and Biotechnology,China Agricultural University, 100193,Beijing, China
Department of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering,University of Hawaii, Honolulu,HI,96822, USA
Institute of Natural Medicine and Chinese Medicine Resources,Beijing Normal University, 100875,Beijing, China
March 1, 2012
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