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The peanut allergy in patients suffering from atopic dermatitis

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Aim. The evaluation of the occurrence of peanut allergy in adolescent and adult patients suffering from atopic dermatitis. Methods. Altogether 175 persons suffering from atopic dermatitis were included in the study. A diagnostic work-up for food allergy to peanuts was performed (specific IgE, skin prick tests, atopy patch tests, history), and the patients were also examined for pollen allergy containing Bet v 1 and Bet v 2 allergens. Results. Allergic reactions to peanuts were recorded in 23% of patients, and another 16% of patients were sensitised to peanuts. A dependency between the occurrence of pollen allergy with Bet v 1 and Bet v 2 allergens and the results of the examination for peanut allergy is confirmed in our study. Conclusion. One-fifth of patients with atopic dermatitis suffer from peanut allergy; the most common symptom is oral allergy syndrome.
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Keywords: IgE; atopy; peanuts; pollen

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Dermatology and Venereology,University Hospital and Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic 2: Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology,Outpatient Clinic, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic 3: Department of Medical Biophysic,Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Publication date: September 1, 2011

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