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Cloning of the panallergen profilin from lychee fruit and its cross-reactivity with birch pollen profilin Bet v 2

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Lychee fruits can cause severe anaphylactic reactions and has cross-reactivity with other allergens. Panallergen profilin is partly responsible for the cross-reactivity between allergens. In the present study, the cDNA of lychee profilin was performed by RT-PCR and 3'RACE from total RNA. The lychee profilin cDNA includes an open reading frame coding for 131 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of the corresponding protein show high identity with other allergenic profilins. Expression of the recombinant lychee profilin was carried out in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) using vector PET-28a, and the purification of the recombinant protein was performed via affinity chromatography with Ni+ coupled to sepharose. IgE reactivity of recombinant lychee profilin was investigated by immunoblot, and five of 15 lychee-allergic patients tested presented specific IgE antibodies to recombinant lychee profilin. IgE inhibition and ELISA inhibition experiments were performed to analyze lychee profilin cross-reactivity with profilins from birch pollen, and a high cross-reactivity between lychee profilin and birch profilin has been found in sera from lychee allergic patients.
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Keywords: Lychee; cross-reactivity; profilin; recombinant allergen

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Life Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, P.R. China,Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou, P.R. China 2: College of Life Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, P.R. China 3: Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou, P.R. China

Publication date: June 1, 2007

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