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Screening 34 Peanut Introductions for Allergen Content Using ELISA

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Peanut is one of the most allergenic foods and reports of accidental ingestion of peanuts in unsuspected food are increasing. No information is available on the allergen content of peanut germplasm grown commercially and used in the food and confectionery industry. The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the allergen contents of 34 peanut introductions (PI); and (2) to identify naturally occurring allergen-free and/or low or hypoallergenic peanuts germplasm. A basic ELISA protocol was utilized to detect the presence of antigens in the peanut lines using a pool of human sera from patients with documented history of peanut allergy. Two naturally occurring low, or hypo-allergenic germplasm were identified as PI 261942 and PI 338386. Both are Valencia market types with total allergen content significantly lower ( P ≤ 0.05) than that of PI 119880 (0.550), PI 119876 (0.415) and PI 118991 (0.410) three Valencia market types and PI 262111 (0.485), a Virginia market type. No allergen-free PI was found. Allergen content of peanut lines from Bolivia and Paraguay were significantly ( P ≤ 0.05) different to those from Venezuela. No significant difference was observed in the allergen content of the four market types.
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Keywords: ALLERGEN; ELISA; HUMAN; HYPO-ALLERGENIC; INTRODUCTION; PEANUT; PLANT; SERUM

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2002

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