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Direct Versus Competitive Biosensor Immunoassays for the Detection of (Dihydro)Streptomycin Residues in Milk

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A monoclonal antibody (MAb) against dihydrostreptomycin (4G8) was developed and its performance compared with a previously developed MAb against streptomycin (4E2) in biosensor immunoassays (BIAs) using a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensor (BIACORE 3000). Direct BIAs for the detection of dihydrostreptomycin (DHS; 583 Da) and streptomycin (STREP; 581 Da) were developed by immobilising the MAbs on the sensor chip (CM5). These direct BIAs were compared with competitive inhibition BIAs, using a STREP- protein conjugate immobilized on the chip. The sensitivities of the direct and competitive BIAs for both drugs in buffer were comparable (10-20 ng ml-1 at 50% binding or inhibition). With milk, interferences, probably due to the nonspecific binding of proteins to the sensor chips, were observed in both BIAs. These interferences could be largely reduced using ultra filtration (UF) as sample pre-treatment. Another option was the use of a reference flow channel to correct for nonspecific binding. Using this option with five times diluted milk, MAb 4G8 was found to be suited for the direct BIA of both drugs with a limit of detection (LOD) of 20 ng ml-1 and both MAbs could be applied in the competitive BIA format with similar LODs.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2002

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