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Development of a Biosensor-based Immunoassay for Screening of Chloramphenicol Residues in Milk

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Biosensor immunoassays were developed recently for antibiotics with an established maximum residue limit (MRL). In this study, according to the regulatory banning of chloramphenicol (CAP) use for food producing animals, the main objectives were: the specificity of the biosensor assay and the lowest detection limit possible. The assay was based on the inhibition of the binding of polyclonal antibodies against CAP to immobilized CAP on a sensor chip by CAP in solution. The response varied inversely with the antibiotic concentration in the sample. Two different antibodies and two immobilization protocols were tested. As in ELISA tests the antibody influenced the assay performances. Moreover, we showed that particular care should be concentrated on the immobilization step because it is a critical point in the assay development. Three different protocols were developed in milk. The best assay was obtained with antibody 1 in milk on the CAP base surface because of its very low detection limit (0.1 g l-1) and the decreased consumption of antibody (four times less than on the CAP surface). This assay is rapid (3 min/run), sensitive, and specific for CAP and CAP glucuronide. It could be integrated in a multi-residue screening test and applied to other matrices (bile, urine, meat).
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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