The artificial life approach to evolutionary robotics is used as a fundamental framework for the development of a modular neural control of autonomous mobile robots. The applied evolutionary technique is especially designed to grow different neural structures with complex dynamical properties. This is due to a modular neurodynamics approach to cognitive systems, stating that cognitive processes are the result of interacting dynamical neuro-modules. The evolutionary algorithm is described, and a few examples for the versatility of the procedures are given. Besides solutions for standard tasks like exploration, obstacle avoidance and tropism, also the sequential evolution of morphology and control of a biped is demonstrated. A further example describes the co-evolution of different neuro-controllers co-operating to keep a gravitationally driven art-robot in constant rotation.
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