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Safe application of regionalization for trade in poultry and poultry products during highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in the USA

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The 2014–2015 H5Nx high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak affected 211 commercial premises, 21 backyard flocks, 75 individual wild birds and four captive-reared raptors in 21 Western and upper Midwestern states, resulting in death or culling of over 50.4 million poultry in the stamping-out programme that cost the US government $850 million. The outbreak had a negative $3.3 billion impact on the economy. Seventeen trading partners suspended imports of all US-origin poultry and poultry products while 38 trading partners regionalized the United States, and allowed trade in poultry and poultry products to continue from areas of the US not affected by HPAI. Disease response and control activities in addition to the use of comprehensive surveillance and regionalization (zoning) as prescribed by the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code are a scientifically valid and effective means to maintain safe trade in poultry and poultry products. This was further realized during the 2016 H7N8 HPAI outbreak in Dubois County, Indiana, with greater acceptance of regionalization and continuity in trade with a more limited cost of $30 million for eradication.
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Keywords: Avian influenza; H5N2; H5N8; safety; trade

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, U.S. National Poultry Research Center, Agricultural Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Athens, GA, USA 2: National Import Export Services, Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Ames, IA, USA 3: Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Riverdale, MD, USA

Publication date: March 4, 2017

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