Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Maternal immunity against avian influenza H5N1 in chickens: limited protection and interference with vaccine efficacy

Buy Article:

$60.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

After avian influenza (AI) vaccination, hens will produce progeny chickens with maternally derived AI-specific antibodies. In the present study we examined the effect of maternal immunity in young chickens on the protection against highly pathogenic AI H5N1 virus infection and on the effectiveness of AI vaccination. The mean haemagglutination inhibition antibody titre in sera of 14-day-old progeny chickens was approximately eight-fold lower than the mean titre in sera of vaccinated hens. After H5N1 infection at the age of 14 days, chickens with maternal antibody titres lived a few days longer than control chickens. However, only a low proportion of chickens with maternal immunity survived challenge with H5N1. In most progeny chickens with maternal immunity, high virus titres (>104 median embryo infective dose) were present in the trachea during the first 4 days after H5N1 infection. In the cloaca, only low virus titres were present in most chickens. In 14-day-old progeny chickens with maternal immunity, the induction of antibody titres by vaccination was severely inhibited, with only a few chickens showing responses similar to the control chickens. It is concluded that high maternal antibody titres are required for clinical protection and reduction of virus titres after infection of chickens, whereas low antibody titres already interfere with vaccine efficacy.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Central Veterinary Institute of Wageningen UR, The Netherlands, Lelystad, AB, The Netherlands

Publication date: February 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more