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Open Access Contribution of fimbriae and flagella of Salmonella enteritidis to colonization and invasion of chicks

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Isogenic mutants of Salmonella enteritidis defective for the elaboration of fimbrial types SEF14, SEF17, SEF21 and flagella were used to study the contribution these organelles made to colonization, invasion and lateral transfer in young chicks. The caecum, liver and spleen were colonized within 24 h following oral inoculation of 1-day-old chicks with 105 wild-type S. enteritidis strain LA5. However, for some mutants, the numbers of organisms recovered from internal organs was reduced significantly, particularly at 24h post-inoculum, which supported the hypothesis that the organelles contribute to invasion and dissemination to internal organs. Specifically, mutations affecting SEF17, SEF21 and flagella contributed to a delay in colonization of the spleen, and those affecting SEF21 and flagella delayed colonization of the liver. Lower numbers of bacteria were recovered from the caecum with mutants deficient in elaboration of SEF21. Sentinel birds were colonized by LA5 or EAV40 (14-, 17-, 21-, fla-) directly from the environment within 2 days, although a consistent slight delay was observed with the multiple mutant. Overall, our data suggest a collective role for SEF17, SEF21 and flagella, but not SEF14, in the early stages of colonization and invasion of young chicks by S. enteritidis, but these surface appendages appear unnecessary for colonization of birds from their immediate environment.

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Document Type: Review Article

Affiliations: Bacteriology Department, Veterinary Laboratories Agency (Weybridge), Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK

Publication date: August 1, 2000

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