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Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar): The “Super-Chicken” of the Sea?

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In this article, the definition of sustainability is discussed, particularly in relation to the use of marine feed resources. The current review gives an overview of the development of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture and how it has evolved due to changes in legal and management framework conditions. Atlantic salmon production is characterized with high utilization of nutrients, a high yield of production, and a large demand for rendered by-products. All of these factors compare favorably to production of most terrestrial farm animals. Historically, salmon feed has contained fishmeal and fish oil as the primary protein and fat source. Rising demand for feed ingredients has not increased pressure on forage fish resources. Rather, there has been an increased use of plant protein and fat sources. Increased utilization of plant ingredients may not be as sustainable as often claimed. Provided that marine harvest is carried out within legal frames, harvesting the marine ecosystem is a sustainable operation, and at present, the only significant source of long chain n-3 fatty acids. It is concluded that Atlantic salmon farming can be compared to raising a marine “super chicken” being among the most sustainable meat products in the world food market.
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Keywords: Atlantic salmon; aquaculture; feed resources; fisheries; sustainability

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture,University of Nordland, Bodø, Norway 2: Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway 3: National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES), Bergen, Norway 4: Aquatic Farms Ltd., KaneoheHawaii, USA 5: Department of Industrial Economics, Risk Management and Planning,University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway 6: Aquaculture Resaearch Institute, University of Idaho, HagermanIdaho, USA 7: National Research Council of Canada,Institute of Marine Biosciences, HalifaxNova Scotia, Canada

Publication date: July 1, 2011

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