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Evaluation of Anticipated Performance Index, biochemical, and physiological parameters of Cupressus arizonica Greene and Juniperus excelsa Bieb for greenbelt development and biomonitoring of air pollution

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Plants can be used naturally to mitigate environmental pollution, such as air pollution; however, it is important to evaluate plant susceptibility to air pollution when considering green space creation in urban areas. In this study, we investigated the biochemical and physiological parameters, including pH, and ascorbic acid, relative water, total chlorophyl, proline, soluble sugar, protein, and free amino acid contents of two gymnosperm tree species, Cupressus arizonica Greene and Juniperus excelsa Bieb. Using these data, we computed the Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) and Anticipated Performance Index (API) of the trees at five sites in Isfahan, Iran, to determine their applicability for greenbelt establishment. Our results indicated that these evergreen species are good indicators of air pollution and can be used as an early warning tool for air pollution level that is harmful to human health.
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Keywords: Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI); bio-indicator; greenbelt management

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran; 2: Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health and Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Publication date: April 16, 2019

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