Recycling of aquaculture wastewater using charcoal based constructed wetlands
The competitive demand for water makes it a scarce resource for agricultural use. This necessitates wastewater reuse for irrigation and any other agricultural purpose, especially in developing countries where treatment of wastewaters is not a priority. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a charcoal-based constructed wetland (CBCW) in treating aquaculture wastewater. Aquaculture wastewater from a Research Fishpond Farm was treated in a CBCW planted with Sacciolepsis africana and Commelina cyannae for 5 days retention time. Raw wastewater and the treated wastewater from the constructed wetland (CW) was sampled and the physicochemical parameters determined. The performance of the CW in treating aquaculture wastewater was conducted. The result showed that the CBCW was capable of removing 50% TSS, 88% COD, 93% BOD5, and 100% nitrate nitrogen. The pH and DO of the wastewater before treatment and after treatment ranged from 6.68 to 6.91 and 4.13 to 6.30 mg/l, respectively. Thus, CWs have great potential for the treatment of aquaculture wastewater and prevention of environmental degradation through wastewater treatment, thereby solving the problem of water scarcity for agriculture for optimum food production.
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