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Phytoremediation Potentials of Cowpea (Vigina Unguiculata) and Maize (Zea Mays) for Hydrocarbon Degradation in Organic and Inorganic Manure-Amended Tropical Typic Paleustults

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A field study on phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soil was designed to assess the effects of organic manures (poultry droppings and cassava peels) and NPK fertilization on the potentials of cowpea (Vigina Unguiculata) and maize (Zea Mays) to stimulate hydrocarbon degradation in soil. Cowpea and maize crops were established on the hydrocarbon contaminated soil amended with three rates (0, 4, and 8 ton/ha) of the soil amendments, and arranged in 3 × 3 × 3 factorial in Randomized Complete Block Design. Hydrocarbon was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in plots treated with the combined forms of the soil amendments. While the treatment combinations of 8 t/ha Poultry Droppings (PD) + 8 t/ha Cassava Peels (CP) + 4 t/ha NPK fertilizer was optimal for hydrocarbon degradation in the cowpea plots, 4 t/ha PD + 8 t/ha CP + 8 t/ha NPK fertilizer was the most preferred in the maize plot. Cowpea showed greater potential for hydrocarbon degradation at the first year. The mean values of hydrocarbon concentrations at the cowpea and maize plots indicated no significant difference at the second year. Grain yield of cowpea increased by 87% at the second year, while maize was unable to grow to maturity in the first year.
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Keywords: cowpea; hydrocarbon degradation; maize; soil amendments

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Soil Science,University of Nigeria, NsukkaEnugu State, Nigeria 2: Department of Microbiology,University of Nigeria, NsukkaEnugu State, Nigeria

Publication date: April 1, 2012

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