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Diels–Alder versus 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition pathways in the reaction of C20 fullerene and 2-furan nitrile oxide

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As one of the smallest carbon cages, C20 and its properties are very important. The nature of these compounds, and the development of procedures for their functionalisation for end-use in nano sized devices, have become important fields. Both Diels–Alder and 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions are appropriate strategies to functionalise carbon nano tubes and C60 fullerenes. In this regard a comparison between two pathways of interaction between C20 and 2-furan nitrile oxide has been performed here to determine which reaction, Diels–Alder or 1,3-dipolar addition, is more suitable for functionalisation of C20. The results showed that 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition is faster than the Diels–Alder reaction for the functionalisation of C20 fullerene by 2-furan nitrile oxide.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 November 2015

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  • Progress in Reaction Kinetics & Mechanism is an international journal for the quarterly publication of both in-depth reviews and research articles.

    In-depth reviews are comprehensive accounts bringing together work from many sources with the aim of providing an article of lasting value that will become established as the reference source in the particular subject. Research articles, on the other hand, normally focus on a relatively new or recently developed field or technique giving a state-of-the-art account of the subject and may well refer to a narrower range of existing work. It covers the fields of kinetics and mechanisms of chemical processes in the gas phase and solution of both simple and complex systems.

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