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'Oil, War and Forced Migration in Sudan': A Response

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There is much of interest in Leben Nelson Moro's article, and it is a worthwhile contribution to research and debate on Sudan's civil war and the role of oil in such situations. Given the complexity and long duration of that war, it would be surprising if there were not some factual errors in the article or contentious points. However, in the spirit of academic (but friendly) scrutiny, it must be said that Moro's central argument—namely that oil was 'the main cause' of the civil war between 1983 and 2005—is wrong. It is wrong because the facts do not support the claim and because it is an unnecessary simplification: while it is true that oil was a major point of contention from the moment it was first discovered in Sudan in 1978, it was nevertheless only a contributory cause of the civil war—not the main cause—and its causal role changed during the long sweep of the war.
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Document Type: Discussion

Publication date: 01 May 2006

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  • The St Antony's International Review (STAIR) is the only peer-reviewed journal of international affairs at the University of Oxford. Set up by graduate students of St Antony's College in 2005, the Review has carved out a distinctive niche as a cross-disciplinary outlet for research on the most pressing contemporary global issues, providing a forum in which emerging scholars can publish their work alongside established academics and policymakers. Past contributors include Robert O. Keohane, James N. Rosenau, and Alfred Stepan.
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