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Intimate Partner Violence and Psychological Distress Among Young Couples: The Role of the Pattern of Violence

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The objective of this study was to assess whether the psychological distress of young men and women involved in intimate partner violence (IPV) is predicted by their reported role in the pattern of violence. Dyadic structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses were performed on a sample of 205 young couples, controlling for income, cohabitation, children, and the length of the relationship. Findings revealed that the most common reported pattern of IPV was mutual in nature. Reported bidirectional violence within the couple was related to distress for both sexes. The couple’s income and the length of their relationship were negatively associated with psychological distress, namely for young women. Findings point to the importance of considering therapy in a couple-context.

Keywords: Actor–Partner Interdependence Model; bidirectional; dyadic analysis; intimate partner violence; unidirectional; young adults

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Criminology, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada 2: Department of Psychoeducation, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada

Publication date: June 1, 2018

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