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Nonpharmacologic Management of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: An Integrative Review

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Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) affects 3.39 in every 1,000 live births. A literature review was conducted to determine the varying types of nonpharmacologic management being used currently and its effect on the treatment of NAS symptoms. Fourteen articles were found that used nonpharmacologic management in the treatment of NAS. Therapies included breastfeeding, positioning, rooming-in, acupuncture/acupressure, and beds. Each of the nonpharmacologic therapies in these articles, with the exception of rocking beds, was shown to have a positive effect on the newborn with NAS. These effects include a shorter length of stay, a decrease in NAS scores, a decrease need for pharmacologic treatment, less agitation, a better quality of sleep, and a decrease in the severity of NAS symptoms. This review article shows that nonpharmacologic management is an effective tool for NAS symptom treatment.
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Keywords: ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES; NEONATAL WITHDRAWAL; NONPHARMACOLOGIC TREATMENT; TREATMENT FOR NEONATAL ABSTINENCE SYNDROME

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: South University

Publication date: September 1, 2016

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