Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Delusions: A Cognitive Perspective

Buy Article:

$24.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The understanding of delusions, while historically focused on neuropsychological deficits, can be approached from the same cognitive perspective as that applied to other forms of psychopathology. The cross-sectional analysis of delusional thinking shows several cognitive characteristics: egocentric bias (irrelevant events are construed as self-relevant); externalizing bias (strong internal sensations or symptoms are attributed to external agents); and intentionalizing bias (other people's behaviors are believed to be based on intentions—usually malevolent—towards the patient). In addition, defective reality testing precludes reevaluation and rejection of erroneous conclusions. Consequently, cognitive distortions such as selective abstraction, overgeneralization, and arbitrary inferences are prevalent. From a developmental perspective, grandiose delusions appear to arise from earlier daydreams of glory, serving as a compensation for feelings of loneliness, inadequacy, and inferiority. The daydreams become increasingly real to the patient until they become overt delusions. Persecutory delusions typically begin as a fear of retaliation or discrimination. Because of attentional bias, these fears receive pseudoconfirmation until they become fully formed beliefs that preempt normal information processing and displace more realistic beliefs.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY; DAYDREAMS; DELUSIONS; SCHIZOPHRENIA

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy is no longer available to subscribers on Ingenta Connect. Please go to http://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrjcp to access your online subscription to Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy.
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more