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Predicting the Exercise Intention of Pregnant Latina Women

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Overweight and obesity are more common among Latina women, and excessive weight gain during pregnancy is a risk factor for these conditions. Exercise during pregnancy may help prevent excessive gestational weight gain. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of Latina women's intention to exercise during pregnancy. Pregnant Latina women ( = 98) completed questionnaires measuring beliefs, subjective norm, and intention to exercise during pregnancy. Subjective benefits of exercise, ability to overcome environmental barriers, and ability to overcome personal barriers significantly predicted intention (B [multivariate regression coefficient] = .51, <.05; B = .42, < .01; and B = .29, < .01). These relationships persisted after controlling for demographic factors (B = .53, < .05; B = .41, < .01; and B = .28, < .01). The model accounted for almost 40% of the variance in intention. Results indicate that behavioral and control beliefs are particularly important in the prediction of pregnant Latino women's exercise intention.

Spanish
El exceso de peso y la obesidad son más comunes entre las mujeres latinas, y un excesivo aumento de peso durante el embarazo es un factor de riesgo para estas condiciones. El ejercicio durante el embarazo puede ayudar a prevenir el aumento de peso excesivo. La finalidad de este estudio fue examinar indicadores de la intención de las mujeres latinas de hacer ejercicio durante el embarazo. Mujeres latinas embarazadas (N = 98) completaron cuestionarios que midieron creencias, normas subjetivas y la intención de ejercitar durante el embarazo. Beneficios subjetivos del ejercicio, habilidad de superar barreras ambientales, y la habilidad de superar barreras personales predijeron la intención de forma significativa (B [coeficiente de regresión de multivarianza] = .51, p <.05; B = .42, p < .01; y B = .29, p < .01). Estas relaciones persistieron después del control de factores demográficos (B = .53, p < .05; B = .41, p < .01; y B = .28, p < .01). El modelo justificó casi el 40% de la varianza de intención. Los resultados indican que las creencias de comportamiento y el control son particularmente importantes en la predicción de la intención de hacer ejercicio por parte de las mujeres latinas embarazadas.
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Keywords: EXERCISE; LATINA; PREGNANT WOMEN; THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 March 2007

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