Electroconvulsive Therapy and Brain Damage: Survey of the Evidence From a Philosophical Promontory
In a combination of literature review and theoretical article, the author analyzes a broad variety of scientific and real-world evidence that iatrogenic brain damage results from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The author critically reevaluates the evidence using knowledge of basic biology and logic, and, to a lesser extent, the author makes ethical observations and legal implications. Despite many scientific and governmental authorities having concluded that ECT does not cause brain damage, there is significant evidence that ECT has indeed caused brain damage in some patients, both historically and recently, and evidence that it always causes some form or degree of brain damage.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 April 2017
More about this publication?
- Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry is no longer available to subscribers on Ingenta Connect. Please go to http://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrehpp to access your online subscription to Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry.