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β3GnT8 regulates the metastatic potential of colorectal carcinoma cells by altering the glycosylation of CD147

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Aberrant glycosylation of cell surface glycoproteins is commonly associated with the invasion and metastasis of colorectal carcinomas, which can be attributed to the upregulated expression of glycosyltransferases. Therefore, elucidation of glycosyltransferases and their substrates may improve our understanding of their roles in tumor metastasis. β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-8 (β3GnT8) is a key enzyme that catalyzes the formation of poly-N-acetyllactosamine (polylactosamine) chains on β1,6-branched N-glycans in┬ávitro, which is also involved in tumor invasion. In the present study, we analyzed the expression of β3GnT8 and its product polylactosamine in four human colorectal carcinoma cell lines (LS-174T, SW620, SW480 and LoVo) with different metastatic potential. We found that the levels of β3GnT8 and polylactosamine chains were gradually increased in the colorectal cancer cell lines in a trend from low to high metastatic potential. Notably, a significantly positive relationship between β3GnT8 expression and HG-CD147 was noted in the colorectal cancer cell lines. To further investigate their relationships, exogenous β3GnT8 was introduced into the LS-174T cells, while expression of β3GnT8 was downregulated in the LoVo cells. The overexpression of β3GnT8 in LS-174T cells increased the level of HG-CD147. Conversely, downregulation of β3GnT8 expression in LoVo cells significantly decreased the expression of HG-CD147. HG-CD147 is a major carrier of β1,6-branched polylactosamine sugars; therefore, the regulation of β3GnT8 significantly altered the β1,6-branched polylactosamine structures on CD147. Hence, we suggest that β3GnT8 plays a key role in the metastasis of colorectal cancer cells by altering the β1,6-branched polylactosamine sugars of CD147.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, P.R. China 2: The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214062, P.R. China

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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