Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

TWIST1 and SNAI1 as markers of poor prognosis in human colorectal cancer are associated with the expression of ALDH1 and TGF-β1

Buy Article:

$42.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important factor in cancer invasiveness and metastatic progression. During EMT, cancer cells acquire stem cell properties. The role of EMT and stemness in colon cancer has not been fully understood. We aimed to demonstrate the clinical significance of EMT and the stem cell phenotype in colorectal cancer. Two hundred and thirty-one surgically resected colon cancer cases were included in the present study. mRNAs of E-cadherin, TWIST1 and SNAI1 were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) (n=109). Immunohistochemical staining was performed for six markers (ALDH1, TGF-β1, E-cadherin, β-catenin, TWSIT1 and SNAI1) (n=231). We assessed clinicopathological characteristics according to the expression of the stem cell phenotype and EMT markers. Based on the results of qRT-PCR, TWIST1 and SNAI1 significantly influenced node metastasis (P=0.04 and P=0.02, respectively). High TWIST1 and SNAI1 mRNA expression was associated with poor overall survival according to the univariate analysis (P<0.01 and P=0.01, respectively) and the multivariate analysis (P=0.04 and P=0.04, respectively). ALDH1 expression as detected by immunohistochemical staining was associated with high nodal stage, advanced clinical stage, lymphatic invasion and poor survival (P=0.01, P=0.04, P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively) and with the expression of TGF-β1 and β-catenin. In conclusion, in human colorectal cancer, the EMT markers TWIST1 and SNAI1 are suggested as important markers of poor prognosis. Their expression is associated with the expression of putative stem cell marker ALDH1, and ALDH1 is associated with the expression of TGF-β1.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medicine, The Graduate School, CHA University, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 463-712, Republic of Korea 2: Department of Pathology, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 463-712, Republic of Korea 3: Digestive Disease Center, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University, Bundang-gu, Seongnam 463-712, Republic of Korea

Publication date: March 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more