The fully human monoclonal antibody PAT-SC1 is specific for an isoform of CD55 (decay-accelerating factor) designated CD55PAT-SC1. This antigen is expressed in the majority (80%) of gastric cancers (GCs), and the antibody induces tumour cell-specific apoptosis in vitro as well
as in vivo. PAT-SC1, therefore, has been deemed promising as a therapeutic agent. Here, we describe the results of an academic clinical study performed in a neoadjuvant setting with resectable GC patients. Patients undergoing treatment for GC between 1997 and 2001 were tested for CD55PAT-SC1
expression. Fifty-one resectable patients that tested positively received a single administration of 20 mg PAT-SC1 48 h prior to surgery. They underwent standard surgery with either subtotal or total gastrectomy with bursectomy, omentectomy and a modified D2-lymphadenectomy, aimed
at R0 resection. Primary endpoints of the present study were to evaluate side-effects of the PAT-SC1 antibody treatment and to evaluate histopathological effects such as tumour regression and induction of apoptosis. Long-term survival was a secondary endpoint. Administration of PAT-SC1 appeared
safe with only reversible side-effects according to WHO grade I and II. Despite the lowdose of the antibody, 81.6% of the patients showed signs of increased apoptosis within the primary tumour and 60% showed signs of tumour cell regression. Comparison of the 10-year survival rates
of the R0-resected CD55PAT-SC1-positive patients treated with the PAT-SC1 antibody with a historical collective of R0-resected CD55PAT-SC1-positive patients not treated with PAT-SC1 indicated a survival benefit in the treated patients. Furthermore, comparison of the patient survival of CD55PATSC1-positive
vs. CD55PAT-SC1-negative groups suggested that CD55PAT-SC1 antigen expression is an independent predictor of poor survival in a Cox regression analysis. Antibody PAT-SC1 may be a useful additive therapeutic agent in the treatment of patients with CD55PAT-SC1-expressing GCs. In combination
with radical standard surgery, PAT-SC1 given as an adjuvant or neoadjuvant immunotherapeutic agent induces apoptosis in tumour cells which may improve survival of these patients. Because of the human origin and its specific binding to the CD55PAT-SC1 antigen, PAT-SC1 was well tolerated in
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Document Type: Research Article
Patrys GmbH, Würzburg, Germany
Allgemeines Krankenhaus, Hagen, Germany
Department of General, Visceral, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
Institute of Pathology, University Hospital, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
Sana Kliniken Ostholstein GmbH, Eutin, Germany
March 1, 2014
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