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Resveratrol induces MMP-9 and cell migration via the p38 kinase and PI-3K pathways in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells

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Trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene (resveratrol) is a grape polyphenol present in various plants, food products, red wine and grapes. Resveratrol has anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, anti-oxidant and anti-aging properties. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key enzymes involved in the degradation of the extracellular matrix, and their expression may be regulated in cancer metastasis. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of resveratrol on MMPs and cell migration, and to understand the mechanism of action in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells. We found that resveratrol inhibited HT1080 cell viability at various concentrations as detected by the MTT assay and FACS analysis. However, resveratrol dramatically increased the activation and expression of MMP-9 in a dose- and time-dependent manner, as determined by gelatin zymography assay and western blot analysis. We also discovered that resveratrol enhanced the migratory ability of HT1080 cells, as determined by the wound healing assay, and decreased the phosphorylation of p38 kinase. Moreover, the Akt kinase was inhibited by resveratrol in the HT1080 cells. The inhibition of p38 and Akt kinases with SB203580 and LY294002 further increased resveratrol-induced MMP-9 as well as cell migration in the HT1080 cells. Our results suggest that resveratrol regulates MMP-9 and migratory abilities through the p38 kinase and PI-3K pathways in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kongju National University, Gongju, Chungnam 314-701, Republic of Korea

Publication date: 01 January 2013

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