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Screening of potential cancer preventing chemicals for induction of glutathione in rat liver cells.

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With BRL 3A hepatocytes, a series of selected, potentially chemopreventive chemicals was evaluated for their capacity to elevate glutathione (GSH) levels. Since sodium selenite consistently increased GSH levels by approximately 70%, it was selected as a positive control. Of 62 test chemicals, eighteen stimulated GSH levels by >30%, but eleven of these had only a modest effect or displayed considerable toxicity. At non-toxic concentrations, seven compounds had substantial activity: black tea extract (decaffeinated), trans-chalcone, N-ethyl-9-cis-retinamide, indole-3-carbinol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) curcumin and N-(4-carboxyphenyl)retinamide. These should be considered for further development as cancer preventive agents.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Southern Research Institute, P.O. Box 55305, Birmingham, Alabama 35255-5305, USA.

Publication date: March 1, 1998

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