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Regulation of gene expression in rats with spinal cord injury based on microarray data

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The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. First, the differentially expressed genes (DGEs) were screened based on GSE45006 microarray data downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus using the significant analysis of microarray (SAM) method. Screening was performed for DEGs which were negatively or possibly correlated with time and subsequently subjected to gene ontology (GO) functional annotation. Furthermore, pathway enrichment analysis using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes was also performed. In addition, a proteinprotein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins database. Finally, GeneCodis was used to seek transcription factors and microRNAs that are involved in the regulation of DEGs. A total of 806 DEGs were upregulated and 549 DEGs were downregulated in the rats with SCI. Cholesterol metabolismassociated genes (e.g. HMGCS1, FDFT1 and IDI1) were negatively correlated with time, while injury genes (e.g. SERPING1, C1S and RAB27A) were positively correlated with time after SCI. PCNA, MCM2, JUN and SNAP25 were the hub proteins of the PPI network. The transcription factors LEF1 and SP1 were observed to be associated with the regulation of two DEGs that were involved in the cholesterolassociated metabolism as well as injury responses. A number of microRNAs (e.g. miR210, miR487b and miR16) were observed to target cholesterol metabolismassociated DGEs. The hub genes PCNA, MCM2, JUN and SNAP25 presumably have critical roles in rats with SCI, and the transcription factors LEF1 and SP1 may be important for the regulation of cholesterol metabolism and injury responses following SCI.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100038, P.R. China

Publication date: August 1, 2015

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  • Molecular Medicine Reports is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal available in print and online, that includes studies devoted to molecular medicine, underscoring aspects including pharmacology, pathology, genetics, neurosciences, infectious diseases, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. In vitro and in vivo studies of experimental model systems pertaining to the mechanisms of a variety of diseases offer researchers the necessary tools and knowledge with which to aid the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases.
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