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Identification of differential splicing genes in gliomas using exon expression profiling

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Diffuse gliomas are the most common type of malignant primary brain tumor, and their initiation and/or progression are often associated with alternative splicing. They produce an enormous economic burden on society and greatly impair the quality of life of those affected. The aim of the current study was to explore the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) observed in glioblastoma (GBM) and oligodendroglioma (OD) at the splicing level, and to analyze their functions in order to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms of gliomas. The exonlevel expression profile data GSE9385 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, and included 26 GBM samples, 22 OD samples and 6 control brain samples. The differentially expressed exonlevel probes were analyzed using the microarray detection of alternative splicing algorithm combined with the splicing index method, and the corresponding DEGs were identified. Next, a Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of the DEGs was performed. Additionally, the proteinprotein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed based on the depthfirst search algorithm. A total of 300 DEGs were identified to be shared by GBM and OD, including 97 upregulated and 203 downregulated DEGs. Furthermore, screening with a defined threshold identified 6 genes that were highly expressed in GBM, including AFF2, CACNA2D3 and ARPP21, while the 6 highly expressed genes in OD notably included CNTN2. The TP53 and HIST1H3A genes were the hub nodes in the PPI network of DEGs from GBM, while CNTN2 was linked to the highest degree in the OD PPI network. The present study provides a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of DEGs in GBM and OD, which may provide a basis for understanding the initiation and/or progression of glioma development.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, P.R. China

Publication date: February 1, 2015

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  • Molecular Medicine Reports is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal available in print and online, that includes studies devoted to molecular medicine, underscoring aspects including pharmacology, pathology, genetics, neurosciences, infectious diseases, molecular cardiology and molecular surgery. In vitro and in vivo studies of experimental model systems pertaining to the mechanisms of a variety of diseases offer researchers the necessary tools and knowledge with which to aid the diagnosis and treatment of human diseases.
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