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Long non-coding RNA SNHG12promotes the proliferation and migration of glioma cells by binding to HuR

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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in biological processes and provide a novel approach with which to understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for glioma. Previous studies have demonstrated that lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 (SNHG12) is involved in cell growth and migration. However, the accurate expression pattern of SNHG12 in glioma and the possible associations between this pattern and the clinicopathological characteristics of glioma cohorts are not yet known. The present study investigated the role of lncRNA SNHG12 in the development and progression of glioma, as well as the potential diagnostic value of SNHG12 in patients with glioma. The levels of SNHG12 were detected in resected specimens from patients and in glioma cell lines using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The potential effects of SNHG12 on the viability, mobility and apoptosis of glioma cells were evaluated using in vitro assays. The association between SNHG12 and Hu antigen R (HuR) was also determined using RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down assays. The results revealed that SNHG12 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. High levels of SNHG12 were associated with the deterioration of patients with glioma. Patients with high levels of SNHG12 exhibited a reduced 5-year overall survival rate (compared to those with lower levels), particularly in cohorts with high-grade carcinoma (III-IV). The silencing of SNHG12 expression by RNA interference led to a reduced viability and mobility, and in an increased apoptosis of human glioma cells. Furthermore, RIP and RNA pull-down assays demonstrated that SNHG12 was associated with and was stabilized by HuR. The findings of the present study thus identify a novel therapeutic target in glioma.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Neurology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Command, Shengyang, Liaoning 110000, P.R. China 2: Graduate School of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116044, P.R. China 3: Graduate School of Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning 121001, P.R. China

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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