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Acceptance of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among young women in a country with a high prevalence of HPV infection

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Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in Argentina and the mortality has remained unchanged for the last 30 years. The 2011 national implementation of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination will be a key component of future cervical cancer prevention. Vaccination of young adult women is not included in the program, although these women could also benefit from the vaccine, especially in underserved areas with a high prevalence of HPV. However, research on acceptance of HPV vaccination within this group is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate acceptance of HPV vaccination, the correlation between acceptance and cost, as well as other factors and perceptions of HPV vaccination among young adult women in Argentina. In total, 174 young women aged 18-30 years were included in this quantitative cross-sectional hospital-based study in a low resource area of the Mendoza Province, conducted through structured questionnaire-based interviews. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to investigate correlates of acceptance. Acceptance of HPV vaccination was high if it was free (95%) and even if it was not (75%). A significant positive association was found between acceptance and belief in vaccine safety (p=0.01) and between acceptance and not being a welfare recipient (p=0.00). Nearly half the participants incorrectly believed that they would be fully protected against cervical cancer after vaccination. Our findings suggest that acceptance of HPV vaccination is high among young women in a high-risk, relatively underserved area, even if vaccination is not free. Extensive misconceptions about the vaccine, however, highlight the need for further education about HPV vaccination.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institutet and Hospital, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden 2: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Docent Extention Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Regional Hospital Diego Paroissien, Godoy Cruz 475, Maipú, Mendoza, Argentina 3: Institute of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institutet and Hospital, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden 4: Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden 5: Cancer Registry of Norway, Majorstuen, 0304, Oslo, Norway

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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