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Isolation of mesenchymal stem-like cells in meningioma specimens

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Cells resembling bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have been isolated from glioma specimens; however, little is known about the existence of mesenchymal stem-like cells (MSLCs) in meningioma. Here, we hypothesized that cells similar to BM-MSCs exist in meningioma specimens and sought to investigate whether these putative meningioma stroma MSLCs (MS-MSLCs) could be isolated. To this end, we cultured fresh meningioma specimens using the same protocols as used previously to isolate BM-MSC. Cultured cells were analyzed for surface markers associated with BM-MSCs by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and candidate cells were exposed to mesenchymal differentiation conditions. Possible locations of MS-MSLCs were determined by immunohistochemical analysis of sections of meningioma specimens. Spindle-shaped and, adherent cells similar to BM-MSCs were isolated in 2 of 20 meningioma specimens. FACS analysis showed that the surface markers of MS-MSLCs were similar to those of BM-MSCs and the chosen cells demonstrated an ability to differentiate into osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic cells. The tumorigenicity of MS-MSLCs was tested by injection of these cells into the brain of athymic nude mice; no tumors were subsequently discovered. Immunohistochemical analyses indicated that CD105+ cells were closely associated with endothelial cells and pericytes in meningioma specimens. Our results established for the first time that cells similar to BM-MSCs exist in meningioma specimens. These cells, termed MS-MSLCs, could be one component of the meningioma cellular microenvironment.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Neurosurgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea 2: Department of Medical Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea 3: Department of Radiology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea 4: Department of Pathology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea 5: Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea 6: Department of Chemistry, Research Institute for Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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