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A novel HDAC inhibitor OBP-801 and a PI3K inhibitor LY294002 synergistically induce apoptosis via the suppression of survivin and XIAP in renal cell carcinoma

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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is resistant to traditional cancer therapies such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The use of targeted therapies has improved the clinical outcomes of patients with metastatic RCC. However, most patients acquire resistance against targeted therapies over time. We report that the combination of the novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor OBP-801, also known as YM753 and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 synergistically inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in RCC cells. This combination activated caspase-3, -8 and -9 and the pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk significantly reduced the apoptotic response to the treatment with OBP-801 and LY294002. Moreover, the combined treatment induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the radical scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) blocked the intracellular ROS and apoptosis induced by OBP-801 and LY294002. The co-treatment with OBP-801 and LY294002 markedly decreased survivin and the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) protein levels, but Bcl-2 family members were not altered by the OBP-801/LY294002 co-treatment. These alterations were restored by NAC treatment. The transient transfection of survivin and XIAP reduced the apoptotic response to the OBP-801/LY294002 co-treatment. Additionally, OBP-801 was significantly more effective than SAHA, another HDAC inhibitor, in the combination with LY294002 against 786-O cells. Taken together, these results strongly suggest the combination of OBP-801 and LY294002 to be a promising treatment for RCC.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Molecular-Targeting Cancer Prevention, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan 2: Department of Urology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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