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Elevated expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 in primary sclerosing cholangitis: Ιmplications for cholangiocarcinogenesis

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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) occurs frequently in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) induced by inflammation are believed to mediate prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production thereby promoting carcinogenesis. Their expression in PSC-associated CCA tissues and non-neoplastic bile duct epithelial cells (BDECs) in PSC was investigated. COX-2 and mPGES-1 levels in 15 PSC patients (7 with CCA) were scored using immunohistochemical staining. The results were compared with those obtained in CCA tissues and non-neoplastic BDECs (controls) of 15 sporadic CCA patients. Non-neoplastic BDECs from large and small bile ducts were investigated separately. The mRNA expression levels of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in CCA tissues were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Ki-67 immunostaining was performed to evaluate cell proliferation. COX-2 was strongly expressed in PSC-associated CCA tissues and non-neoplastic BDECs in PSC. This expression was significantly upregulated in both compared with sporadic CCA tissues and non-neoplastic BDECs in sporadic CCA (both P<0.01). mPGES-1 was expressed at moderate to strong levels in PSC. Compared with controls, the expression was significantly higher in non-neoplastic small BDECs (P<0.01). COX-2 mRNA levels were significantly higher in PSC-associated tissues than in sporadic CCA tissues (P<0.01). Conversely, no differences were observed in mPGES-1 mRNA levels. Ki-67 labeling indices were higher in PSC-associated CCA tissues and non-neoplastic BDECs in PSC than in controls. In conclusion, COX-2 and mPGES-1 were highly expressed in PSC-associated CCA tissues and non-neoplastic BDECs in PSC, suggesting the involvement of COX-2 and mPGES-1 in cholangiocarcinogenesis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Applied Life Sciences, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Minami, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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