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Suppression of RIZ in biologically unfavourable neuroblastomas

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Neuroblastoma is a paediatric solid tumor characterized by recurrent genomic abnormalities of prognostic importance. One of the most commonly observed abnormalities is deletion of the short arm of chromosome 1 and reduced expression of cancer related genes in this chromosomal arm. The long isoform of the retinoblastoma protein-interacting zink finger gene (RIZ1) is a known tumor suppressor and a candidate neuroblastoma gene located at 1p36.2. The present study was undertaken to further assess the possible involvement of RIZ in neuroblastoma development. Expression of RIZ transcripts were quantified in a panel of neuroblastoma cell lines and tumors (33 neuroblastomas and 3 ganglioneuromas). Methylation status of promoter P1 driving RIZ1 expression was quantified by bisulfite Pyrosequencing. Only low mean levels of promoter methylation (<10%) were observed in all samples. However, RIZ1 and RIZ1+2 mRNA were significantly under-expressed in biologically unfavourable tumors characterized by 1p loss (p<0.005) or MYCN amplification (p<0.005). Suppression of RIZ1 is likely to contribute to the pathogenesis of biologically unfavourable neuroblastomas. In contrast to multiple other neoplasias, RIZ1 promoter methylation is not a common event in neuroblastoma.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, KI, Karolinska University Hospital, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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