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Abrogation of p53 function leads to metastatic transcriptome networks that typify tumor progression in human breast cancer xenografts

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Development of chromosomal instability (CIN) and consequent phenotypic heterogeneity represent common events during breast cancer progression. Breast carcinomas harboring extensive chromosomal aberrations display a more aggressive behavior characterized by chemoresistance and the propensity to give rise to distant metastases. The tumor suppressor p53 plays a key role in the maintenance of chromosomal stability and tissue homeostasis through activation of cell cycle checkpoints following DNA damage and control of centrosome duplication that ensures equal chromosome segregation during cell division. Furthermore, p53 suppresses CD44 expression and the acquisition of stem cell-like properties responsible for epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis. In this study we employed MCF-7 breast cancer cells with endogenous wild-type p53, an engineered MCF-7 variant (vMCF-7DNP53) overexpressing a dominant negative p53val135 mutant, and cells re-cultured from vMCF-7DNP53 tumor xenografts. We carried out an integrative transcriptome and cytogenetic analysis to characterize the mechanistic linkage between loss of p53 function, EMT and consequent establishment of invasive gene signatures during breast cancer progression. We demonstrate that abrogation of p53 function drives the early transcriptome changes responsible for cell proliferation, EMT and survival, while further transcriptome changes that occur during in vivo tumor progression are mechanistically linked to the development of CIN leading to a more invasive and metastatic breast cancer phenotype. Here we identified distinct novel non-canonical transcriptome networks involved in cell proliferation, EMT, chemoresistance and invasion that arise following abrogation of p53 function in vitro and development of CIN in vivo. These studies also have important translational implications since some of the nodal genes identified here are ‘druggable’ making them appropriate molecular targets for the treatment of breast carcinomas displaying mutant p53, EMT, CIN and high metastatic potential.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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