Messenger RNA expression of TS and ERCC1 in colorectal cancer and matched liver metastasis
5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin play important roles in chemotherapy for patients with colorectal cancer. The expression levels of thymidylate synthase (TS) and excision repair cross-complementing factor 1 (ERCC1) have been reported to be prognostic markers for patients with 5-FU/oxaliplatin chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of TS and ERCC1 in primary colorectal cancer and those in corresponding liver metastasis. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor specimens of 31 patients with resection for both colorectal cancer and liver metastasis were dissected by laser capture microdissection. After RNA extraction, TS and ERCC1 mRNA levels in both primary tumor and corresponding liver metastasis were measured by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Both TS and ERCC1 mRNA levels in primary tumors were significantly associated with those in synchronous liver metastases (TS, rs=0.875, p=0.0024; ERCC1, rs=0.835, p=0.0038). TS mRNA levels in primary tumors were also associated with those in metachronous liver metastases (rs=0.659, p=0.0065), but not in ERCC1 (rs=0.319, p=0.19). In both genes, mRNA levels in metachronous liver metastases were higher than those in primary tumors (TS, p=0.0084; ERCC1, p=0.037). However, there was no difference in the TS and ERCC1 mRNA levels between primary tumors and synchronous liver metastasis. The measurement of TS and ERCC1 mRNA levels in primary colorectal cancer can predict those in synchronous liver metastases, but not in metachronous ones.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Surgical Oncology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan., Email: [email protected]
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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