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Depletion of Treg cells inhibits minimal residual disease after surgery of HPV16-associated tumours

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It is generally accepted that T regulatory cells (Treg CD4+CD25+Foxp3+) play an important role in the suppression of tumour immunity. We examined the impact of Treg cell depletion with anti-CD25 antibody as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of minimal residual disease after excision of murine HPV16-associated tumours. We found that the depletion of Treg cells inhibited growth of the recurrences after surgery of HPV16-associated MHC class I+ as well as MHC class I-deficient tumours transplanted in syngeneic mice. These results demonstrate that depletion of CD25+CD4+ Treg cells can be used as an efficient adjuvant treatment improving the results of surgery in the experimental systems mimicking human MHC class I+ and MHC class I-deficient, HPV16-associated neoplasms. Therefore, this therapeutic modality is worth being examined in patients with minimal residual HPV16-associated tumour disease after surgery.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Molecular Genetics Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, CZ-166 37 Prague 6, Czech Republic

Publication date: December 1, 2006

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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