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In vivo chamber angiogenesis assay: An optimized Matrigel plug assay for fast assessment of anti-angiogenic activity

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Efficient in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis assays, to assess and compare anti-angiogenic activity are a prerequisite for the discovery and characterization of anti-angiogenic targets. Here we describe an optimized Matrigel plug assay based on subcutaneously implanted chambers and two fast and reproducible measuring techniques. Plexiglas ring/nylon net filter-chambers (0.2 ml) containing growth factor-reduced Matrigel and 300 ng basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were subcutaneously implanted into the right flank of rats. Chamber angiogenesis was scored on day 5 and day 10 post-implantation by computer image analysis of the chamber, and by optical density reading at 415 nm of a PBS solution of the chamber content. bFGF significantly induced chamber angiogenesis and histological examination confirmed that numerous blood vessels were present in the bFGF-induced chambers. The anti-angiogenic control compound TNP-470 (10 mg/kg/d s.c.) completely inhibited the bFGF-induced angiogenesis. In contrast, the anti-inflammatory or immuno-suppressive compounds cyclosporin A (15 mg/kg/d p.o.), indomethacin (1 mg/kg/d p.o.), and prednisolone (5 mg/kg/d p.o.) showed no anti-angiogenic activity, indicating that the bFGF-induced angiogenesis was not driven by an inflammatory response or by a foreign body reaction. Finally, two candidate anti-angiogenic compounds were tested in the assay. Continuous low-dose therapy with cyclophosphamide (25 mg/kg/d p.o.) significantly inhibited bFGF-induced angiogenesis, whereas 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (0.5 µg/kg/d p.o.) showed no significant anti-angiogenic activity. In conclusion, this in vivo chamber angiogenesis assay is a useful new tool for drug evaluation as well as research into anti-angiogenesis.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Pharmacology, LEO Pharma A/S, DK-2750, Ballerup, Denmark., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: February 1, 2003

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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