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Combination therapy of 2-5A antisense against telomerase RNA and cisplatin for malignant gliomas

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2',5'-Oligoadenylate (2-5A) linked to an antisense oligonucleotide against human telomerase RNA (2-5A-anti-hTR) is a novel therapeutic modality we have recently developed. We designed the oligonucleotide to target telomerase which maintains chromosome integrity in cancer cells. We have already demonstrated the efficacy of this new therapy in malignant glioma cells with telomerase activity. In the present study, we investigated the effect of 2-5A-anti-hTR in combination with cisplatin, an anti-cancer drug commonly used for malignant glioma patients. Six human malignant glioma cell lines with telomerase activity were treated with 0.5 μM 2-5A-anti-hTR and/or cisplatin (0, 0.1, 1, 5, 10, or 20 μg/ml) for three days, and cell viability was measured using the MTT colorimetric assay. The combination therapy showed synergistic effect at 1 μg/ml cisplatin and additive effect at 5 μg/ml cisplatin. TUNEL staining of the treated cells showed significantly increased apoptotic cells after the combination therapy. Furthermore, tumor growth of subcutaneous xenografts of human malignant glioma cells in nude mice was effectively reduced after the combination therapy for seven days. Our study shows that the tumor-killing effects of the combined treatments are, at least in part, due to induction of apoptosis. 2-5A-anti-hTR is a promising therapy not only when used alone, but also in combination with cisplatin.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: The Center for Surgery Research, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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  • The International Journal of Oncology provides an international forum for the publication of the latest, cutting-edge research in the broad area of oncology and cancer treatment. The journal accepts original high quality works and reviews on all aspects of oncology research including carcinogenesis, metastasis, epidemiology, chemotherapy and viral oncology. Through fair and efficient peer review, the journal is dedicated to publishing top tier research in the field, offering authors rapid publication as well as high standards of copy-editing and production. The International Journal of Oncology is published on a monthly basis in both print and early online.
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