Expression of bone formation-related molecules in a newly established protein-independent osteosarcoma
Protein-independent cells are useful for analysis of proteins that are produced by the cells themselves without any consideration of exogenous proteins. This experimental protein-independent tumor system provides new biology of the autonomous nature of neoplastic cells during their evolution. We established a Dunn protein-free osteosarcoma (DPF) cell line, which was derived from parental fetal calf serum (FCS)-dependent murine Dunn osteosarcoma (DOS) cells. The DPF cells grew in a chemically defined protein-free medium at the high seeding density of 1x104 cells/well of a 96-well-plate with a similar doubling time to that of cells growing in the presence of FCS, while the cells did not grow at a density lower than 1x103/well. Furthermore, addition of conditioned medium stimulated the growth in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast, DOS did not grow in the protein-free condition at all. Morphological examination revealed that DPF cells exhibited a more round shape than DOS cells. RT-PCR analysis exhibited the augmentation of the RNA message of bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) and osteocalcin in DPF cells. Enhanced expression of BMP-4 protein was also demonstrated by immunoblot analysis. Furthermore, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was higher in DPF cells, indicating that bone-formation related molecules may be overexpressed in protein-independent osteosarcoma cells. These results suggest that putative growth factors may play a role in the DPF cell growth in an autocrine fashion, and the acquisition of autonomous growth independent of exogenous proteins may be coupled to the osteogenic differentiation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Gunma University Faculty of Medicine, Gunma 371-8511, Japan
Publication date: June 1, 2001
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